Content (Syllabus outline)
asic principles. Chemical equations, quantitative relationships.
Gases. Gas laws. Ideal gas, mixtures. Real gases.
Intermolecular forces. Phase changes and phase diagrams. Physical properties of pure substances.
Energy changes in chemical systems. Basic principles. Thermochemistry. Enthalpy.
Chemical reactions. Entropy. Gibbs energy.
Solutions. Concentration. Colligative properties. Colloids.
Chemical equilibrium. Equilibria at different conditions.
Acids, bases, salts. Electrolytes and non-electrolytes. Ionization constants, alpha values, pH and its practical uses. Acid-base titrations. Hydrolysis. Buffers. Indicators. Solubility of electrolytes, solubility product.
Electrochemistry of solutions. Redox reactions and titrations. Electrochemical cells. Electrical conductivity. Practical use.
Chemical kinetics. Rate of reaction and rate equation. Reaction order and molecularity. Effect of temperature and catalysis.
Coordination compounds. Structure. Chelates. Practical use.
Chemical bond. Polarity, electronegativity, dipole moment, molecular geometry.
Hydrocarbons and their oxygen derivatives: representative hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Preparative methods, properties, reactions. Lipids, physical and chemical properties.
Organic compounds of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur.
Isomerism: kinds of and especially optical activity.
Carbohydrates: Classification, some chemical reactions.
Amino acids: acid-base properties, some reactions.
Requirements for enrolment:
Inscription to adequate academic year.
Terms of Prerequisites:
attending tutorial (at least 80 %)
finished tutorial (with final written colloquium)